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Vision Related Side Effects

Traumatic Head Injury

  • Field Loss
  • Hemianopsia (Loss of half of the field of view to the right or left
  • Quadranopsias ( Loss of about 1/4 sector of the visual field)
  • Central Loss
  • Sector Loss
  • Peripheral Loss
  • Total Loss of Visual Field
  • Attitudinal Losses
  • Photophobia
  • Reading Disorders
  • Diplopia - Exotropia, Esotropia and Hypertropia
  • Cranial Nerve Paresis / Paralysis III ,IV, VI , VII
  • Small changes in refractive errors more significant
  • Nystagmus
  • Lagophthalmos
  • Dry Eye - Decreased Blink Rate
  • Visual Hallucinations
  • Formed - Objects
  • Unformed - Stars, Lightning Bolts
  • Anisocoria
  • Accommodative Problems
  • Convergence Problems
  • Eye Movement Disorders, Fixation, Pursuits
  • Frequent Headaches
  • Unstable Ambient Vision
  • Visual Perceptual Disturbances
  • Disturbances in body image
  • Disturbances of spatial relationships
  • Right - Left discrimination problems
  • Agnosia - difficulty in object recognition
  • Apraxia - difficulty in manipulation of objects
  • Memory Loss

Psychological problems

Modified from a list by Allen Cohen, O.D. and Lynn Rein, O.D.